2021 Articles

Assessing Language Development in Children 1-5 Years of Age 
12/27/21 - PubMed
Until recently, normative data on language and communication development among children in the United States have not been available to inform critical efforts to promote language development and prevent impairments.

National Center on Disability in Public Health Funds Pilot Studies to Evaluate "Child Find" Early Identification Systems in Indiana and Minnesota
12/9/21 - AUCD 
The Association of University Centers on Disabilities (AUCD) has expanded its National Center on Disability in Public Health efforts with the funding of two, one-year pilot studies using administrative data to evaluate "child find" early identification systems in Indiana and Minnesota.

Short Takes Video Series on Misunderstood-Alcohol Terms
12/9/21 - NIAAA
A short take video series provided by NIAAA.

Using Data to Improve Child and Adolescent Mental Health (CAMH): The Opening Playbook 
11/30/21 - CDC
The Child Development Studies team within the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention collaborated with the Public Health Informatics Institute to create this playbook as a resource for state, territorial, local and tribal health departments to assess and improve child and adolescent mental health.

NCAD East | Recognizing the 4 Types of Cravings in SUD Patients
11/20/21 - NCAD
In 2015, the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) added cravings among the criteria for substance use disorders (SUDs), a key development for the field of SUD treatment.

Strategies for Managing Opioid Risk in Chronic Pain Patients
11/17/21 - NCAD
In this interview from the recent Psych Congress 2021 meeting in San Antonio, Dr Arwen Podesta shares tips and strategies she recommends for managing risk around opioid use in chronic pain patients.

Alcohol and Marijuana Use and Motivations Among Young Adults During the Pandemic
11/10/21 - NIAAA
Stay-at-home and physical distancing orders during the COVID-19 pandemic have led to increased stress, anxiety, depression, and boredom, and reports suggest that some people may be consuming more alcohol as a coping mechanism.

Pharmacies Shy Away From Dispensing Addiction Medication
11/9/21 - NCAD
When Martin Njoku saw opioid addiction devastate his West Virginia community, he felt compelled to help. This was the place he’d called home for three decades, where he’d raised his two girls and turned his dream of owning a pharmacy into reality.

Telehealth May Improve Addiction Treatment, But More Research Needed
Telehealth may help engage patients in addiction treatment through better access and convenience, but more research is needed to confirm the benefits, according to a literature review published in Psychiatric Services.

Number of Teens Who Vape Marijuana Doubled in 7 Years 
10/26/21 - WebMD 
Teenagers have followed the vaping trend into marijuana use, with recent studies chronicling a boom in pot vaping among adolescents in the United States and Canada, researchers report.

FDA Approves Higher-Dose Injectable Naloxone Product 
10/20/21 - NCAD 
Adamis Pharmaceuticals Corp. announced on Monday that FDA has approved its high-dose (5 mg/0.5 mL) naloxone injection product to treat opioid overdose.

Trauma-Informed Approach Key for Children Hurt by Parents’ 
10/16/21 - NCAD
As progress is made in the development of resources and treatment modalities for substance use disorders, leaders at Cayuga Counseling Services in the rural Finger Lakes region of upstate New York have turned their attention to a sometimes-overlooked group: child victims of crime stemming from the substance use epidemic.

Synthetic Drugs an Elusive, Evolving Threat
10/2/21 - NCAD 
With synthetic drugs being developed at a rapid rate, more than 300 new drugs have been identified in the US over the past 10 years, Andrew Kurtz, LMFT, clinical specialist, UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, told West Coast Symposium on Addictive Disorders attendees in a session presented Saturday.

October is National Medicine Abuse Awareness Month-Toolkit
10/1/21 - CADCA
October is National Medicine Abuse Awareness Month. CADCA’s Online PreventMedAbuse Toolkit contains facts, strategies and tools to prevent and reduce teen Rx and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine abuse in your community. 

Covid-19 Vaccination for Pregnant People 
9/29/21 - CDC
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends urgent action to increase Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination among people who are pregnant, recently pregnant (including those who are lactating), who are trying to become pregnant now, or who might become pregnant in the future. 

Report Shows Decreases in Opioid Prescribing, Increase in Overdoses
9/21/21 - AMA
The American Medical Association issued a report today showing a 44.4 percent decrease in opioid prescribing nationwide in the past decade. At the same time, the country is facing a worsening drug-related overdose and death epidemic.

PEACE for Moms: Perinatal Suicide Prevention Program Information
PEACE for Moms, Georgia’s perinatal psychiatry consultation and access program is available to the state’s prescribing clinicians.

PSA Video from NOFAS Affiliate Healthy Native Nation 
9/19/20 - NOFAS
In observance of September 9th (9/9) Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Awareness Day we would like to premier NOFAS/Healthy Native Nation FASD awareness videos. Thank you to all who took part in creating these for all to enjoy.

September is FASD Awareness Month: Resources for Prevention and Care 
9/8/21 - CDC 
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person who was exposed to alcohol before birth.

If Not Now, When? Five Steps to Get FASD on the Nation’s Radar Screen 
NOFAS - 9/7/21 
Get a bunch of parents of children with FASD together and invariably the conversation gets around to how no one understands our kids.

FASD Support During the COVID-19 Pandemic Is About Being Flexible, Creative 
FNHA - 9/1/21 
Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, Maternal Child Health and FASD teams were able to build relationships with mothers that often began before the birth of the child and could last up to three years after birth.

Half of Young Adults With ADHD Report Lifetime Substance Use Disorder 
9/1/21 - Psych Congress Network
Half of younger adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder report having experienced a substance use disorder in their lifetime, according to findings published in Alcohol and Alcoholism.

Mental Health and Substance Use Among Adults with Disabilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic 
8/27/21 - MMWR
Adults with disabilities experience higher levels of mental health conditions and substance use than do adults without disabilities.

Half of Opioid Prescriptions for Young People Deemed ‘High Risk’
8/24/21 - NCAD
Nearly half of opioids prescribed to children and young adults after surgery, dental care or for other conditions have been deemed “high risk” in a study conducted by researchers from Michigan Medicine at the University of Michigan.

Many ERs Fail People Who Struggle With Addiction. These New Approaches Might Help
8/21/21 - NPR
For years, Kayla West watched the opioid epidemic tear through her eastern Tennessee community. As a psychiatric nurse practitioner, she treated people with mental illness but felt she needed to do more to address addiction.

Covid-19 Vaccines while Pregnant or Breastfeeding 
8/11/21 - CDC
Although the overall risk of severe illness is low, pregnant and recently pregnant people are at an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19 when compared with non-pregnant people. 

FASD Expert Dr. Jeffrey Wozniak Featured on Podcast
8/10/21 - FASD Hope
Episode 74 features Dr. Jeffrey Wozniak - Professor, Division Director of Behavioral Sciences and  Pediatric Neuropsychologist at the University of Minnesota. His research is focused on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) and he directs the University of Minnesota's FASD Research Program which conducts neuroimaging, neurocognitive and intervention studies in FASD. 

Alcohol and breastfeeding: What are the risks? 
8/4/21 - OBGYN Journal
Although the harmful effects of alcohol use during pregnancy are well documented and recommendations to avoid alcohol during pregnancy are clear, the risks of alcohol use during lactation are less understood.

Incidence of Injury, Maltreatment, and Developmental Disorders Among Substance Exposed Infants 
8/1/21 - SAGE Journals
Recent changes to federal legislation created a requirement for states to address the needs of infants with prenatal substance exposure.

NOFAS Affiliates and Others Provide 17 FASD Support Groups
NOFAS - 7/16/21

Wisconsin Bioethics Project Chronicles Pregnancy, Substance Use Disorder and the Law
Moridge Institute of Research - 7/13/21
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is embarking on a massive research project to shed light on early child development, including the health and developmental implications of opioid use during pregnancy.

Oshay’s FASD - A Conversation with Maryelen and Paula McPhail
FASD Hope - 7/13/21 
Episode 66 shines a light on an AMAZING. nonprofit organization in Scotland, Oshay's FASD, which is run by Maryelen and Paula McPhail.

Pregnant Women May Face Barriers For Opioid Addiction Treatment 
Verywell Health News - 7/6/21 
Prescription opioid use during pregnancy could lead to misuse, addiction, and even overdose. A 2020 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that around 6.6% of pregnant people used opioids during their pregnancy.

Fetal Alcohol Exposure Data Underscore Need for Public Health Interventions 
Yale News - 6/28/21
While alcohol consumption during pregnancy may result in harm to developing embryos and fetuses, a new study led by the Yale School of Public health finds that a significant number of pregnancies that result in live birth still involve alcohol exposure.

NOFAS Supports Advancing Legislation to Prevent and Treat Child Abuse and Neglect
NOFAS - 6/21/21
The National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS) commends the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee approval of S.1927, Child Abuse and Treatment (CAPTA) Reauthorization Act of 2021

Oral and Written Communication Skills of Adolescents with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (PAE) Compared with Those with No/Low PAE
Wiley - 6/16/21
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is associated with growth deficits and neurodevelopmental impairment including foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).

Past 30-Day Prescription Drug Use Without a Doctor’s Prescription among 6th-12th Grade Students in Georgia
The Council on Alcohol and Drugs - 6/16/21
The Georgia Student Health Survey 2.0 (GSHS) is implemented annually at all public-school systems (and private schools that opt in to participate) throughout the state of Georgia.

Findings from the Emory Neurodevelopmental Exposure Clinic Survey of Caregiver Experiences with Online Learning
MSACD - 6/16/21
Many children with clinical diagnoses, including children affected by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), are at risk for academic underachievement and difficulties with school functioning that may be exacerbated by less time of direct instruction, changes in services, and time out of the classroom

Emotional Responses to Alcohol May Predict Alcohol-Related Problems 
NIAAA - 6/8/21
Alcohol can induce temporary positive feelings such as elation and happiness and reduce negative feelings like distress. 

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Responsible for Vision Problems 
Review of Optometry - 5/27/21
Exposure to prenatal alcohol can result in a number of functional impairments, including ophthalmological abnormalities such as ptosis, refractive errors, strabismus, subnormal visual acuity and optic nerve hypoplasia.

Prenatal Alcohol and THC E-Cigarette Exposure Effects on Motor Development 
Biorxiv - 5/27/21 
It has been well established that prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to a wide range of neurological and behavioral deficits, including alterations in motor domains.

Despite High Rates of Alcohol Use Screening, Few Receive Treatment 
Helio - 5/24/21 
Adults with alcohol use disorder often used health care services and received alcohol use screening, but few were referred to or received treatment, according to recent data.

State-Level Estimates of Alcohol Use Among Women – 2019 
CDC - 5/14/21
The maps below show the estimated number of women aged 18 to 44 who reported 1) any alcohol use, 2) having four or more drinks on any one occasion during the past 30 days (binge drinking), and 3) binge drinking among women who reported any alcohol use, in the past 30 days.

NOFAS Policy & Training Center: May 2021 Virtual Forum 
NOFAS - 5/27/21
Building a national FASD agenda and support in our communities. 

Toolkit for Pregnant People and New Parents 
CDC - 5/13/21 
Resources and tools to help pregnant and recently pregnant people, breastfeeding people and new parents caring for infants  protect their health and help people who serve these communities communicate with them.

Emory Program Supports GA Women with Postpartum Mental Health Issues
Emory - 5/12/21
In honor of Maternal Mental Health month in May, the Emory Brain Health Center is celebrating its recently launched PEACE (Perinatal Psychiatry, Education and Community Engagement) for Moms program, which seeks to support the mental health of Georgia women before and after childbirth. 

Avoiding Toxic Substances During Pregnancy
Baby Your Baby Podcast - 5/7/21
When you find out you’re pregnant, it seems to change everything. Suddenly you’re thinking not just about yourself, but about the baby you’re carrying.

FASD Legislation Update: A Conversation with Susan Shepard Carlson and Jenn Wisdahl
FASD Hope Podcast - 5/4/21
FASD Hope is a podcast about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), through the lens of parent advocates with over eighteen years of lived experience. 

“The FASD Project” Short Film Now Available
NOFAS - 5/3/21 
The FASD project is a film seeking to rapidly increase awareness of the risks of alcohol consumption in pregnancy within a short period of time, given the significant increase in alcohol consumption since the onset of the global pandemic.

Annual Public Meeting of the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (ICCFASD) Public Meeting Videocast
ICCFASD - 5/3/21
The ICCFASD fosters improved communication, cooperation, and collaboration among disciplines and federal agencies that address issues related to prenatal alcohol exposure.

Doctors More Likely to Prescribe Opioids to Covid ‘Long Haulers,’ Raising Addiction Fears 
Kaiser Health - 4/28/21
Covid survivors are at risk from a separate epidemic of opioid addiction, given the high rate of painkillers being prescribed to these patients, health experts say.

FASD Podcast's 50th Episode, with John and Natalie Vecchione
FASD - 4/27/21
FASD Hope is a podcast about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), through the lens of parent advocates with over 18 years of lived experience.

NOFAS Affiliate Proof Alliance Releases 20+ New Fact Sheets 
NOFAS - 4/23/21

“Preventing Substance Use in Teens” Podcast
TeamPeds Talk - 4/20/21
TeamPeds Talks podcast will spotlight Child Health.
The first series- Conversations on Child Health Equity series. Reflects several key issues in the arena of Social Determinants of Health (SDOH).

How the Drinking Habits of Fathers May Contribute to Birth Defects in Newborns 
Healthline - 4/19/21 
New evidence suggests a link between paternal alcohol consumption before conception and the chances of fetal birth defects.

April is Alcohol Awareness Month
CBHA - 4/9/21
Every April the National Council for Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD) sponsors Alcohol Awareness Month to increase awareness and understanding of the causes and treatment of the nation’s #1 public health problem: alcoholism.

NIAAA Launches a Facebook Page 
NIAAA - 4/1/21 
The NIAAA, part of the US National Institutes of Health, is the largest funder of alcohol research in the world. It recently launched a Facebook page.

New CDC Web Feature Highlighting Resources for Alcohol and Polysubstance Use in Pregnancy 
CDC - 3/29/21
Alcohol use during pregnancy can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, and a range of lifelong birth defects and developmental disabilities.

March of Dimes Urges Congress to Increase Funding for Critical Programs to Support Mom & Baby Health 
March of Dimes - 3/23/21 
In testimony today before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Related Agencies, March of Dimes President and CEO Stacey D. Stewart said the COVID-19 pandemic has compounded the maternal and infant health crisis and urged lawmakers to adequately fund key programs that are critical to the health of moms and babies.

Opioid Use, Misuse and Addiction in Pregnancy and Postpartum 
Contemporary OB/GYN - 3/22/21
As the authors note, today about 50% of heroin users are female, versus less than 20% in the 1970s. At least half of those who present for treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) are female. 

U.S. Surgeon General Nominee Pledges to Strengthen Support for FASD 
NOFAS - 3/15/21
Vivek Murthy, President Joe Biden’s pick to serve as U.S. Surgeon General, said the Department of Health and Human Services is committed to strengthening evidence-based strategies to prevent, diagnose, and care for children with FASD, in response to a question from Senator Lisa Murkowski.

Study Shows Persistence of Marijuana THC in Breast Milk for Six Weeks 
JAMA Pediatrics - 3/8/21
In a new study published in JAMA Pediatrics, researchers at Children's Hospital Colorado have found that tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive component of marijuana, stays in breast milk for up to six weeks, further supporting the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine to abstain from marijuana use during pregnancy and while a mother is breastfeeding.

Alcohol and Pregnancy: The More You Know Podcast 
BU School of Medicine - 3/4/21
We interview medical expert Dr. Vincent C. Smith of Boston Medical Center on the foundational science of FASDs, including definitions, prevalence, diagnosis, and other challenges. We also begin our conversation with Carol, a mother whose child is affected by prenatal alcohol exposure, who discusses her life when she became pregnant and when her daughter was diagnosed with an FASD. 

Navigating Complexity to Support Justice-Involved Youth with FASD and Other Neurodevelopmental Disabilities
NIH - 2/27/21
Young people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) can face significant challenges in their lives, including overrepresentation in the justice system from a young age.

COVID-19 Vaccination Considerations for People Who Are Pregnant
CDC - 2/12/21
CDC and the independent Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) have provided information to assist pregnant people with their decision to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. 

New Resource Guide for Infants to School-Aged Children with Developmental Disabilities
MSACD - 2/12/21

Trends and Geographic Patterns in Drug and Synthetic Opioid Overdose Deaths
MMWR - 2/12/21
Deaths involving synthetic opioids other than methadone (synthetic opioids), which largely consist of illicitly manufactured fentanyl; psychostimulants with abuse potential (e.g., methamphetamine); and cocaine have increased in recent years, particularly since 2013.

Researchers Find a More Accurate Method to Gauge Prenatal Alcohol Use
UNM Health Sciences Center - 2/4/21
When health researchers ask pregnant women about their alcohol use, expectant women may underreport their drinking, hampering efforts to minimize alcohol use in pregnancy and prevent development of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in children.

Seasonal Influenza Vaccine in Pregnant Women: Views and Experiences of Obstetrician-Gynecologists
NIH - 2/2/21
Seasonal influenza vaccination rates among pregnant women remain well below the Healthy People 2020 target of 80%.

NOFAS Launches Policy and Training Center for FASD Advocates
Nofas - 1/27/29
Complete the NOFAS Advocacy Coalition sign Up Form to receive all meeting notices and keep updated on FASD policy activities and progress.

Georgia Public-Private Partners Seek Statewide SUD Treatment Network
AMA - 1/7/21
If people can’t access treatment for a substance-use disorder (SUD) close to where they live, they might not get any treatment, said Justine Welsh, MD, a child and adolescent and addiction psychiatrist and director of the Emory Healthcare Addiction Services.

National Birth Defects Prevention Month Toolkit 
CDC - 1/1/21
Not all birth defects can be prevented. But you can increase your chances of having a healthy baby by managing health conditions and by adopting healthy behaviors before and during pregnancy.